Ein Harod Kibbutz Country Lodging Ein Harod Kibbutz Country Lodging Ein Harod Kibbutz Country Lodging Ein Harod Kibbutz Country Lodging Ein Harod Kibbutz Country Lodging Ein Harod Kibbutz Country Lodging Ein Harod Kibbutz Country Lodging Ein Harod Kibbutz Country Lodging
#
#
#
#

Historical cities

Nazareth
“And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth. To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.”(Luke 1:26-27)
According to Luke, Nazareth was the home of Joseph and Mary and the site of the Annunciation, when Mary was told by the Angel Gabriel that she would have Jesus as her son. Nazareth is also where Jesus grew up from some point in his childhood after returning to Israel from Egypt. In the 6th century, legends about Mary began to spark interest in the site among pilgrims, who founded the Church of the Annunciation at the site of a freshwater spring, today known as Mary’s Well. In 570, the Anonymous of Piacenza reports travelling from Sepphoris to Nazareth and refers to the beauty of the Hebrew women there, who say that St. Mary was a relative of theirs, and records: “The house of St. Mary is a basilica”. Nazareth is home to many centuries old churches, most of which are located in the city’s Old Market.The Church of the Annunciation is the largest Christian church building in the Middle East. In Roman Catholic tradition, it marks the site where the Archangel Gabriel announced the future birth of Jesus to the Virgin Mary (Luke 1:26-31). The Eastern Orthodox Church constructed St. Gabriel’s Church at an alternative site for the Annunciation. The Melkite Greek Catholic Churchowns the Synagogue Church, which is located at the traditional site of the synagogue where Jesus preached (Luke 4) The Church of St. Joseph’s Carpentry occupies the traditional location for the workshop of Saint Joseph The Mensa Christi Church, run by the Franciscan religious order, commemorates the traditional location where Jesus dined with the Apostles after his Resurrection The Basilica of Jesus the Adolescent, run by the Salesian religious order, occupies a hill overlooking the city.
Distance from Ein Harod: 24 k”m , 20 min.

Haifa
Haifa has a long history dating back to Biblical times. Built on the slopes of the historic Mount Carmel, the city was known in the 3rd century CE as a dye making center. Over time,it has fallen under the rule of the Byzantines, Crusaders, Ottomans, Egyptians, and British and today is home to a mixed population of Jews and Arabs, as well as to theBahá’í World Centre. The city also has a restored German Colony built by Templers who arrived here in 1868. The city was an industrial center based around the port and oil refinery, the towers of which long symbolized the city. Haifa, home to Jews, Muslim and Christian Arabs, Ahmadis, Druze, and Bahá’ís, is often portrayed as a mosaic of peaceful coexistence. The city and surrounding areas have biblical importance. Mount Carmel and the Kishon River are both mentioned in the Bible. Mount Carmel is riddled with caves, one of which near Haifa is traditionally known as the “Cave of Elijah”, and considered by many Jews to have been the home of the Jewish biblical Prophet Elijah and his apprentice, Elisha. The highest peak of the Mount Carmel range is named El-Muhrrakah, an Arabic term meaning the burning, named on account of the belief that this was the exact spot of Elijah’s biblical confrontation with hundreds of priests of a Baal; the Baal in question was probably Melqart. The Carmelites were founded at, and named after, Mount Carmel, in the 12th century. Since that time, at the peak of the Mount near Haifa, there has historically been a building that has variously been a mosque, monastery, and hospital; in the 19th century it was reconstructed as aCarmelite monastery, and a cave located there, which functions as the monastery’s crypt, was treated as having once been Elijah’s cave. It is now a popular tourist and pilgrimage destination. Haifa is also cherished by members of the Bahá’í Faith as it is an important site of worship, pilgrimage and administration for the members of the religion. The Bahá’í World Centre (comprising the Shrine of the Báb, terraced gardens and administrative buildings) are all on Mount Carmel’s northern slope. The location of the Bahá’í holy places in Haifa has its roots to the imprisonment of the religion’s founder, Bahá’u’lláh, near Haifa by the Ottoman Empire during the Ottoman Empire’s rule over Palestine. The Bahá’í holy places are also the most visited tourist attraction of the city. The ruins of Shikmona, at the foot of Mount Carmel, is also considered historically important by Jews. Shikmona is also mentioned in the Talmud as the coastal town in which the blue dye for the Jewish prayer shawl Talit (the Techelet thread) was extracted from sea-snails. Despite its image as a port and industrial city, Haifa is the cultural hub of northern Israel. During the 1950s, mayor Abba Hushi made a special effort to encourage authors and poets to move to the city, and founded the Haifa Theatre, a repertory theater, the first municipal theater founded in the country. The New Haifa Symphony Orchestra was established in 1950 and is the focus for classical music of the north of the country.Furthermore, the Haifa Cinematheque, founded in 1975, hosts the annual Haifa International Film Festival during the intermediate days of the Sukkot holiday.
Distance from Ein Harod: 60 k”m , 55 min.

Acre
The city’s fascinating historical heritage, a rare blend of East and West, authentic sights from the past, a unique meeting place of art and religion alongside the remains of various cultures – all these have made Acre one of the most important cities of the ancient world.The walls of the city, its fortresses and citadels, its churches and mosques and the other buildings within its boundaries, tell the history of the many rulers who governed it and fought for it, who built the city and glorified it. Acre’s most prominent sites include ruins from the Hellenistic-Roman period and buildings from the Crusader and Ottoman periods: Al Jazar Mosque, the buildings of the Order of Saint John, the subterranean Crusader city, Khan Al Omdan, the Turkish Baths (which now house the municipal museum), the Bahai Temple and more. In Acre you will be able to see the fingerprints of many peoples and religious movements: the Canaanites, the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Crusaders, the Mamelukes, the Turks and the British. Acre’s colorful Oriental markets, the city walls, the museums the beaches and the sea-sports sites, Fisherman’s Port, the marina, the restaurants, the hotels and the colorful festivals that are held in Acre annually – are a few more of the city’s tourist attractions.
Distance from Ein Harod: 67 k”m , 1 h 15 min.

Jerusalem
Jerusalem is the capital and largest city of Israel in both population and area. Located in the Judean Mountains, between the Mediterranean Sea and the northern tip of the Dead Sea, the city has a history that goes back as far as the 4th millennium BCE, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. Jerusalem has been the holiest city in Judaism and the spiritual center of the Jewish people since the 10th century BCE. The city contains a number of significant ancient Christian sites and is widely considered the third-holiest city in Islam. The walled area of Jerusalem, which constituted the entire city until the 1860s, is now called the Old City, and was added to the List of World Heritage Sites in danger in 1982. The Old City has been traditionally divided into four quarters, although the names used today—the Armenian, Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Quarters—were only introduced in the early 19th century. Despite having an area of only 0.9 square kilometer (0.35 square mile), the Old City is home to several sites of key religious importance: the Temple Mount and its Western Wall for Jews, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre for Christians, and the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque for Muslims. . Jerusalem has been sacred to the Jews since the 10th century BCE, as the site of Solomon’s Temple and the Second Temple. It is mentioned in the Bible 632 times. Today, the Western Wall, a remnant of the Second Temple, is a holy site for Jews, second only to the Temple Mount itself. Synagogues around the world are traditionally built with the Holy Ark facing Jerusalem, and Arks within Jerusalem face the “Holy of Holies”.As prescribed in the Mishna and codified in the Shulchan Aruch, daily prayers are recited while facing towards Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. Many Jews have “Mizrach” plaques hung on a wall of their homes to indicate the direction of prayer. Christianity reveres Jerusalem not only for its role in the Old Testament but also for its significance in the life of Jesus. According to Biblical accounts, Jesus was brought to the city of Jerusalem not long after his birth and later in his life cleansed the Second Temple. The Cenacle, believed to be the site of Jesus’ Last Supper, is located on Mount Zion in the same building that houses the Tomb of King David. Another prominent Christian site in Jerusalem is Golgotha, the site of the crucifixion. The Gospel of John describes it as being located outside Jerusalem, but recent archaeological evidence suggests Golgotha is a short distance from the Old City walls, within the present-day confines of the city. The land currently occupied by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is considered one of the top candidates for Golgotha and thus has been a Christian pilgrimage site for the past two thousand years. According to tradition, Jerusalem is widely considered the third-holiest city in Islam. For approximately a year, before it was permanently switched to the Kabaa in Mecca, the qibla (direction of prayer) for Muslims was Jerusalem. The city’s lasting place in Islam, however, is primarily due to Muhammad’s Night of Ascension (c. 620 CE). Muslims believe Muhammad was miraculously transported one night from Mecca to the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, whereupon he ascended to Heaven to meet previous prophets of Islam. The first verse in the Qur’an’s Surat al-Isra notes the destination of Muhammad’s journey as al-Aqsa (the farthest) mosque, in reference to the location in Jerusalem. Today, the Temple Mount is topped by two Islamic landmarks intended to commemorate the event — al-Aqsa Mosque, derived from the name mentioned in the Qur’an, and the Dome of the Rock, which stands over the Foundation Stone, from which Muslims believe Muhammad ascended to Heaven.
Distance from Ein Harod: 145 k”m , 1 h 45 min.